Scientific Sessions

General Paediatrics

General paediatricians they treat children, both inpatient and outpatient, up to the age of 16. General paediatricians are experts in the investigation to diagnose and treat many different non-surgical conditions including:  Headaches, asthma, heart murmurs, urinary tract infection, abdominal pain, constipation, overseeing the overall care of children with chronic problems. They initiate treatment which may be delivered and continued by themselves or by another person or team according to the needs of the child. General paediatricians also collaborate with other professionals and agencies in order to deliver optimal care. General paediatricians develop a wide variety of skills allowing them to provide holistic, child-centred care across the full range of paediatric subspecialties. General paediatricians may develop significant expertise in specialised paediatric areas, but they maintain their knowledge and skills across the full breadth of child health.

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Neonatalogy And Perinatology

Neonatology is a holistic approach which is designed especially for both new-borns and infants up to 28 days old. It is a subspecialty of pediatrics which concentrates on ensuring that newborn infants are able to overcome and survive whatever potential life-threatening circumstances they encounter. The term neonatology is derived from neo, "new", and natal, "pertaining to birth or origin”. Neonatology is concerned to look after infants that are born with a variety of life-threatening issues that include serious cases of prematurity, craniofacial malformations, congenital birth defects, surgery related problems, cardiac malformations, erythrocyte disorders, severe burns, or acute infection.

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Paediatric Neurology

Neurology is deals with the organic disorders and treatment of all categories of conditions and disease involving the nervous systems, blood vessels, including their coverings. A neurologist is a physician specializing in neurology and trained to investigate and treat neurological disorders. Neurologists may also be involved in clinical trials and research. While neurology is a nonsurgical specialty. Neurology related with Brain Tumour, Cerebrovascular Disease, Cognitive Neuroscience and, Dementia, Infectious disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Neurofibromatosis. Neurology disorders Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer’s disease, Back pain. Bell’s palsy. Defect of the brain and spinal cord. Brain injury. Cerebral palsy.

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Paediatric Allergy And Immunology

Allergic diseases a number of conditions caused by an immune system to typically harmless substances in the environment. In various countries the number of individuals within a population having allergies. Allergic diseases are more common in industrialized countries that are compared to the agricultural, and there is a higher rate of allergic disease in urban populations and rural populations. Allergies in children are those causes, pathophysiology, treatments, management, practices, and control of allergies that develop in children. Up to 46 percent of children suffer from allergic rhinitis. And children are more likely to develop allergies if one or both parents have allergies.

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Paediatrics Nutrition

Scientific interest in nutrition in early life preceded the formal development of paediatrics. Building on biochemical studies of the 18th century, Franz Simon underpinned a rational, scientific basis for infant feeding with his landmark work in 1838, when the word ‘paediatrics’ had not even entered the English language. This was 20 years before the first chair of paediatrics in the US and a century before paediatric chairs were created in Britain (1930s). By then, the field of paediatric nutrition had already passed many major milestones; instance the scientific understanding that led to prevention and treatment of infantile scurvy and rickets. In 1940 the editors of Holt’s Diseases of Infancy and Childhood stated ‘Nutrition in its broadest sense is the most important branch of paediatrics’.Given the extraordinary scientific effort and interest over the past two centuries, it is paradoxical that nutrition has never emerged as an independent paediatric specialty, when other areas of much more recent focus have done so.

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Paediatrics Rheumatology

Rheumatic diseases are characterized by inflammation that affects the connecting or supporting structures of the body most commonly the joints, but also sometimes the tendons, ligaments, bones, and muscles. Some rheumatic diseases even affect the organs. The symptoms of rheumatology are joint pain. fatigue, joint stiffness, rashes, including a "butterfly" rash across the cheeks, sun sensitivity, hair loss, blue or white fingers or toes when exposed to cold (called Raynaud's phenomenon), problems in other organs such as the kidneys

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Child Psychiatry

A psychiatrist is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating behavioural and thought disorders in children.  A psychiatrist usually works as the psychologists, social workers, occupational therapists and nursing staff. Psychiatrists are having management of mental illness. The assessment includes a child’s emotional or behavioural problems, the child's physical health and development, family relationships and parental mental illness. It is regarded as desirable to obtain information from multiple sources (for example both parents, or a parent and a grandparent) as informants may give widely differing accounts of the child's problems.

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Paediatric Surgery

Paediatric surgery is a subspecialty of general surgery a branch of medicine that deals with the surgery of fetus, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. Although paediatric surgery also includes the diagnosis of the patient and it is more involved with the treatment, specifically surgical care. A paediatric surgeon develops the best treatment plan for the patient and conducts pre-operative examinations and preparations, and follows up on the patient's progress as part of the post-surgical care.

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Paediatric Gastroenterology

Paediatric gastroenterology developed as a sub-specialty of paediatrics and gastroenterology. It is concerned with treating the gastrointestinal tract, pancreas and liver of children from infancy until age eighteen. The principal diseases it is concerned with are persistent vomiting, acute diarrhoea, gastritis, and problems with the development of the gastric tract.Paediatric gastroenterologists treat children from the new born period through the 10 years. They choose to make paediatric care the core of their medical practice and they provide extensive experience specifically in the care of children, infants and teens.

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Paediatric Vaccines and Immunization

 Immunization is the process where a healthy person is made to be immune to different infectious diseases resistant, typically administrated through a vaccine where these vaccines stimulate the body of an individual children immune system to protect the children against the infection or disease. Vaccination protects small children from serious illness and preventable diseases which can include amputation of an arm or leg, paralysis of limbs, hearing loss, convulsions, brain damage, and can cause death.

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Paediatric Nephrology And Urology

Nephrology deals with the treatment of the kidney diseases. And also includes electrolyte disturbances and hypertension. The dialysis replaces the primary function of the kidney, which separates excess toxins and water from the blood, placing them in the urine. Nemours paediatric nephrology specialists diagnose, treat, including kidney failure, blood pleasure and abnormalities in the urine such as blood and protein. Nephrology and urology both involve the kidneys. a urologist focuses on diseases  that can effect  on the male and female urinary tract.

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Paediatric Obesity

There are many factors which affect the health of a child. Paediatric obesity is one of the major concerns about child health among the physicians as well as upbringing of a child at home. Paediatric obesity is defined as a medical condition where accumulation of excess body fat negatively affects a child's health or well-being. Paediatric or childhood obesity is the most existing nutritional disorder among children and adolescents worldwide. The ubiquity of obesity is highest among specific age groups.

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Paediatric Endocrinology

Endocrinology, it is branch of a medicine which deals with endocrine system, and diseases known as hormones. The endocrine system consists of several glands, in the body. Endocrine glands are regarded as ductless glands. Hormones have different functions and modes of action; one hormone may have several effects on various types of organs, and, conversely, one target organ may be affected by more than one hormone. Paediatric endocrinology deals with endocrine glands, physical growth and development and diabetes. The endocrine system controls your child’s hormones. The hormones in your child’s body regulate everything from their body temperature to their mood, growth, and more.

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Paediatric Orthopedics

 Paediatric Orthopaedics is a service which provides a surgical and non-surgical treatment for conditions affecting children in a small age. Expert team containing the physicians, therapists, orthotics and nurses specialises in treating babies and children with congenital, developmental and acquired musculoskeletal conditions in children. Paediatric orthopaedic have a number of surgeons in different places to treat children from the new born stage to teenage years.

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Paediatric Cardiology

Paediatric cardiology is an especially concerned with all aspects of care of patients with congenital heart disease from the fetus to adulthood. Paediatric cardiologists are doctors who diagnose and treat children with cardiac conditions.  In those children who might need heart surgery, paediatric cardiologists work closely with paediatric heart surgeons to determine the best interventions and treatments. A number of heart conditions can affect the children. Some are structural differences they are born with. Paediatric cardiologists are specially trained to diagnose and manage these problems. 

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Child Abuse Paediatrics

Child abuse is a physiological maltreatment or neglect of children. Child abuse may include act by a parent or a caregiver that is a potential harm to a child. Child abuse paediatricians specialized in evaluating children who are victims of abuse. Child abuse paediatricians gathers medical reports from the families, examine the children, and may order and review additional tests.

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Paediatric Ophthalmology

 Paediatrics Ophthalmology is a medical science which is dealing with the structure, functions, and diseases of the eye of a specific person. A paediatric ophthalmologist is a medical and surgical doctor (an Eye MD) who graduated from medical school and specializes in the care of children’s eyes. All paediatrics ophthalmologists most have the training in the children’s eye disorders with specific diseases in eye, but the paediatric ophthalmologist doctors  have the  additional training, experience, and expertise in examining children, and has the greatest knowledge of possible conditions that affect the paediatric patient and his/her eyes in different types of children if these conditions are diagnosed and treated early, so good vision can develop and can be maintained in diseased children.

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Paediatric Genetics

Paediatric genetics is a clinical specialty focused on the evaluation and management of children with genetic disorders. The Genetic conditions of an individual can either be inherited from the parents or arise from a new genetic change occurring during fetal development in mother’s womb. Conditions vary from each other and can affect any organ system of the body of children. Some diagnoses can cause minimal change in a children’s daily life, while others lead to complex medical needs of an individual with the given change in breadth of genetic diagnoses, deciding to refer with a children to a changes in genetics clinic of a challenge.

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Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation

Physical medicine and rehabilitation is the functional ability of the people with disabilities. The conditions are spinal cord injuries, brain injuries, and ligament or nerve damage .A physician having completed training in this field. In some jurisdictions, such as the United Kingdom, physical therapists have the power to prescribe medication In hospital settings, physiatrists commonly treat patients who have had an amputation, spinal cord injury, stroke, traumatic brain injury, and other debilitating injuries or conditions.

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Paediatric Intensive Care & Nursing

An intensive care unit is also known as a critical care unit. It is a department of a hospital or health care. It is abbreviated as PICU .it is an area in the hospitals that care, infants, children, and adolescents. And it is respiratory therapists, nurses, and doctors, nurse practitioners, physician assistance, child life specialists who are trained in paediatric intensive care. The unit may also contain clerks on staff, social workers. A neonatal intensive care unit is also known as an intensive care nursery.

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